The broader sense of "opening move meant to gain advantage" was first recorded in English in Gambits are often said to be offered to an opponent, and that offer is then said to be either accepted or declined. If a player who is offered a gambit captures the piece and thus gains material the gambit is said to be accepted. If the player who was offered the gambit ignores it and instead continues to develop his pieces, then the gambit is said to be declined. In modern chess, the typical response to a moderately sound gambit is to accept the material and give the material back at an advantageous time.
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For gambits that are less sound, the accepting player is more likely to try to hold on to their extra material. A rule of thumb often found in various primers on chess suggests that a player should get three moves see tempo of development for a sacrificed pawn, but it is unclear how useful this general maxim is since the "free moves" part of the compensation is almost never the entirety of what the gambiteer gains.
Of course, a player is not obliged to accept a gambit. Often, a gambit can be declined without disadvantage. A gambit is said to be 'sound' if it is capable of procuring adequate concessions from the opponent. There are three general criteria in which a gambit is often said to be sound:. A good example of a sound gambit is the Scotch Gambit : 1. Here Black can force White to sacrifice a pawn speculatively with Bxb2, due to the development advantage and attacking chances against the black king. As a result, Black is often advised not to try to hold on to the extra pawn.
By focusing on key themes, Graham Burgess explains how to use opening tricks to our advantage. Every opening features hidden dangers for both players, so we need to avoid pitfalls while making full use of tactics to achieve the opening goals of purposeful development and central control. Award-winning author Graham Burgess has written 25 chess books, ranging from general guides to works on specific openings.
In he set a world record for marathon blitz chess playing. Is chess a logical game? What constitutes an advantage in chess?
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How can we set problems and create psychologically difficult situations for the opponent? These are big questions, and Erik Kislik tackles them and others head-on in this thought-provoking, thoroughly modern, and original work.
As the trainer of players ranging from high-level grandmasters to average club-players, Kislik is very strong on providing practical guidance on topics such as how best to use chess software, choosing hardware, getting psychologically ready for a game and preparing for specific opponents. The Open Games those beginning 1 e4 e5 are now more topical than ever, featuring in a high proportion of elite-level games.
This new user-friendly guide offers players of all levels a carefully worked-out repertoire, taking into account this wealth of new material. It provides a full repertoire for Black with 1 e4 e5 when White avoids the Ruy Lopez. Making extensive use of modern computer engines, Johnsen has overturned ancient assessments and found new paths that breathe fresh life into positions long thought to be resolved. The lines he recommends, while sound, nevertheless give Black plenty of chances to seize the initiative.
These opening surprises land like bombshells in the apparent calm of standard openings and disorientate your opponents as they grapple with original problems. This book is a treasure-trove of unusual ideas at an early stage of the opening, each with a firm logical foundation, yet running against the grain of conventional play.
Each idea has quick-strike potential and is supported by enough concrete analysis to enable you to try it with confidence. For this new edition, Burgess has thoroughly revised and expanded the original content with a great many new verdicts and additional analysis and ideas. Every single move has been re-examined and checked against current theory. The brand-new sections mostly deal with ideas that were unknown before or This book provides a systematic course in chess tactics and hundreds of exercises to sharpen and measure your skills.
And even in those games where things go wrong, you will always be ready to pounce when given the chance. The book is packed with entertaining and inspiring examples, brought to life with information and stories about some of the more notable figures in chess history. Song and Preotu consider the role of manoeuvring and prophylactic thought, and examine attacks in the endgame, as well as more standard topics such as play on colour complexes and when and how to launch the pawns in an all-out assault.
Their examples are drawn from their own practice and their supergrandmaster trainer, as well as modern classics and older gems. Most of their material you will not have seen before; the rest you will not have seen explained this way before. This book features both composed studies and real-game positions. Composed positions distil tactics into their purest form: nothing irrelevant is present on the board. We can focus purely on the key ideas, which makes them an ideal learning tool.
In over-the-board chess in which Afek is also highly accomplished , the tactical ideas tend to be less complex, but they may prove harder to identify — unless they are already familiar to you. Afek provides a perfect example in his introduction, where the stunning final move of the world championship could not possibly have been missed by those familiar with an earlier game. All the real-game positions in this book are taken from games by world champions male or female.
Then the reader immediately gets to use this knowledge in a series of carefully selected exercises. And when he has rarely written about his games or preparation methods, and was famous for meticulous, ahead-of-his-time opening analysis, it makes it a true publishing event.
Yet that is what eight-time world championship candidate Lajos Portisch has done. In this book, he opens his extensive opening files and presents the most important games and unused novelties in the Ruy Lopez or Spanish Game. As well as drawing upon games from his own long career, Portisch includes important Ruy Lopez games by modern champions, including Anand and Carlsen, describing them from his own unique perspective. Mikhail Golubev has played the Sicilian as Black and White for the whole of his chess career, specializing in the sharpest and most aggressive systems. Here he presents the whole undiluted truth — as best he sees it — about this most popular and cut-throat of openings.
We see the process of discovery and experimentation, and develop a feel for the spirit of the Sicilian.
There is a wealth of original analysis all scrupulously computer-checked , novelties and strategic guidance. Dec 01, Nate Hendrix rated it really liked it. I love Hunter's older books. This is a spy adventure set against the civil war in Spain prior to WW2. That's all you need to know.
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There will be unexpected twists and turns. But that is what you expect in a spy novel. Mar 28, Pete rated it it was ok Shelves: thriller , political-intrigue. His sniper novels are terrific but this was pretty dreadful. Didn't find any of the characters believable and the story is rather convoluted. Might have worked as a straight forward espionage novel but for some reason the author decided it should be about a love triangle where one character is drawn to both a homosexual school chum from days gone by and a white woman.
Nov 16, Adrian Ramos rated it did not like it. Very hard to understand this book. Dealt with a forgotten bit of British and Spanish history. Pre ww2. Plus I listened to the British accents and unfamiliar colloquialism of the era. Could not even make myself finish it. Nov 20, Donald Hahn rated it did not like it. Not at all like his other works.. Jul 18, Phil rated it it was amazing Shelves: Stephen Hunter does it again and again.
Tapestry of Spies is one fantastic read. To Barcelona, Spain he weaves a story that is so profound on historical and weaponry fact. Don't miss this one! Mar 25, Greg rated it it was amazing. A fun spy mystery taking place during the Spanish Civil War. Lots of twists, romance, and adventure. A fun read! May 06, Brett Thomasson rated it it was ok Shelves: suspense , full-review-available , espionage. The Spanish Civil War was both a preview and a concentrated form of a clash between two of the vilest ideologies ever invented by fallen humanity -- fascism, as the catspaw of its most extreme version called National Socialism and the Stalinist strain of the poison of Communism and Marxism.
In the late s, devotees of both dueled in Spain, allowing the Nazis to "field test" many of the weapons they would later turn on the rest of Europe and allowing Soviet dictator Josef Stalin a number of ac The Spanish Civil War was both a preview and a concentrated form of a clash between two of the vilest ideologies ever invented by fallen humanity -- fascism, as the catspaw of its most extreme version called National Socialism and the Stalinist strain of the poison of Communism and Marxism. In the late s, devotees of both dueled in Spain, allowing the Nazis to "field test" many of the weapons they would later turn on the rest of Europe and allowing Soviet dictator Josef Stalin a number of access points to up-and-coming political folks in Western Europe and the United States.
They wrecked the country without much thought for the people who lived there -- many of whom spent the war dodging bullets and trying to live in the midst of all of these people supposedly fighting on their behalf. Into the midst of this sordid slice of 20th century history, thriller writer Stephen Hunter sends Robert Florry, a shabby would-be writer coerced into spying for England's MI-6 intelligence agency. Florry is supposed to link up with his former Eton classmate, Julian Raines, who is writing about the war while also fighting in it and who may have been recruited as a Soviet spy.
Florry is supposed to learn what he can about Raines' connections and loyalties, and act accordingly.
The amateur spy's mission will be made that much harder by the presence of a Russian spymaster and former New York City gangster who's a part of one of the many Communist groups using the Spanish war for their own ends, as well as a young Englishwoman who is there to help the Nationalist cause and with whom Robert is falling in love.
Hunter is best known for his series of books about covert military sniper Bob Lee Swagger and wrote Tapestry of Spies formerly The Spanish Gambit , after a chess strategy earlier in his career. But as a movie critic for The Baltimore Sun at the time, he has plenty of writing experience and Spies features him already well in command of his pacing, narrative and style. He may write airport novels, but he writes them at a higher level than a lot of authors; one of the reasons the Swagger series gained notice and a movie deal.
Spies , though, does suffer from the fact that its bleak context settles into the characters and renders them as unpleasant as their circumstances. None of the people involved are the slightest bit likable, and even those who may be on the side of right are folks you'd not care to spend time with -- nor are you at all assured they're on the side of right for anything like the right reasons.